Entropion and ectropion are conditions that affect the eyelids. Entropion occurs when the eyelid turns inward, causing the lashes to rub against the eye, which can be very uncomfortable and cause eye irritation or infection. Ectropion, on the other hand, occurs when the eyelid turns outward, leaving the eye exposed and dry. Both conditions can be corrected with surgery.
The surgery for entropion involves tightening the muscles and tendons that control the eyelid position, to prevent the eyelid from turning inward. The surgeon may also remove a small portion of the eyelid if necessary. The surgery for ectropion involves loosening the muscles and tendons that control the eyelid position, to allow the eyelid to return to its normal position against the eye. The surgeon may also use skin grafts or other techniques to help support the eyelid and prevent it from turning outward.
Both surgeries are typically performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis. After surgery, the patient may experience some discomfort, swelling, or bruising, but these symptoms usually subside within a few days. Patients are usually able to return to normal activities within a week or two. It is important to follow the postoperative care instructions provided by the surgeon to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.